Archive for the ‘Dalits’ Category

finance1United Nation’s Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FfD) is taking place from July 13 to July 16, 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. As an outcome of the second conference in May, a revised zero draft of FfD was circulated. At the civil society consultations at Addis Ababa on July 11-12, Paul Divakar, General Secretary of National Campaign for Dalit Human Rights (NCDHR), ensured the following insertion into the civil society’s advanced draft submitted to the FfD: “Special measures are needed to address caste and analogous systems of inherited status that perpetuate exclusion and inequalities in the access to economic resources and the benefits of growth” (click HERE to read civil society draft).

A Wada Na Todo Abhiyan response to the FfD’s zero draft:  

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dalit householdBy Rajiv Shah

The latest Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) released recently by the Government of India suggests what is by now a well-known fact, reiterated over and over again by different survey — that there are more landless among the Dalits (scheduled castes or SCs) and Adivasis (scheduled tribes or STs) in India’s rural areas than those identified as “Others”, consisting of upper caste Hindus, other backward castes (OBCs) and minorities. Coming to Gujarat, which is touted as a developed state, the charts below, prepared on the basis of the SECC data, further suggest,  there are more landless among the state’s Dalits in the rural areas  compared to most of the 21 major states selected for the sake of analysis. In fact, an analysis of the data suggests that there are 63.24 per cent Dalit landless households dependent on casual manual labour to earn livelihood, as against 35.62 per cent Adivasis and 35.04 per cent Others. The charts below are self-explanatory: (more…)

dalitBy N Paul Divakar and Durga Sob*

Dalits from all over Asia and Dalit Diaspora from all over the globe are demanding that caste-based discrimination should be recognized as the major discriminatory or exclusionary factor in development. Thus the importance of elimination of caste based exclusion should be included as one of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals that are being negotiated in the UN, at its New York HQ. For the SDGs to be transformational to 260 million Dalits across the world. It is essential that the goals, targets and the Outcome document takes into account the current realities in many parts of the world and include caste and descent and work based discrimination. (more…)

south asiaA report released by UNICEF and UNESCO (click HERE to download) on out of school children in India has highlighted that Dalit girls have the highest primary school exclusion rate in India. The report also finds that half of the pre-school age Dalit children are not attending school. The report cites compounding factors such as ingrained social inequalities and poverty among Dalits, to be contributing to higher rates of exclusion. It states, “Humiliation, harassment and abuse by upper caste teachers towards children from Scheduled Castes have been shown to undermine their motivation to stay in school.”

Child labour is identified as a key hindrance to children attending school. It says, “According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), India has the highest number of working children in the world … Most of these children belong to the poorest, most marginalized communities, including Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.” Another deterrent factor identified in the report is that discrimination in the labour market contributes to low labour market aspirations for Dalit children and therefore reduces the perceived benefits of schooling. (more…)

scBy Rajiv Shah

The National Sample Survey Organization’s (NSSO’s) report, “Key Indicators of Situation of Agricultural Households in India”, released in December 2014, has indicated that there is much incidence of marginalization of the scheduled caste (SC) households in rural Gujarat in comparison to other social groups – scheduled tribes (STs), other backward classes (OBCs), and those falling under the “Others” category. The data put out by the NSSO show that there are in all 4,55,300 SC households in Gujarat, out of which 1,52,700, or 33.54 per cent, are involved agricultural activities. (more…)

A few dDSC00666ays back, Navsarjan Trust activist from Surendranagar district, Gujarat, Natubhai Parmar snapped photographs suggesting the existence of manual scavenging and dry latrines in the municipal areas of several towns of the district. Based on these photographs, Navsarjan Trust’s programme director Kirit Rathod wrote a letter* to Gujarat chief minister Anandiben Patel to act quickly against the existence of the despicable practice, called “shame of the nation” by Mahatma Gandhi. Contents of the letter, attached with some photographs, are reproduced below:

Recently, the country’s Prime Minister and former chief minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi began his Swachh Bharat cleanup campaign on the Gandhi Jayanti Day, October 2. In Gujarat, too, the campaign received considerable support. However, it is a sad commentary on Gandhiji’s Gujarat that even today Dalit families are being made to work as manual scavengers, cleaning up human excreta, in state’s local governing bodies. Latest photographs attached with this go to serve as an example. These photographs are of: (more…)

AHRC-ART-091-2014-01By Avinash Pandey*

No, the man pictured here has not entered the gutter as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s much hyped Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, or “clean India campaign”. Unlike the ad rush that shows posing with the broom, he could not have entered the gutter to preach the country about the virtues of cleanliness.

He is, in fact, indulging in a practice outlawed time and again by both the legislature and the judiciary of the country, most recently on March 27 this year. The Supreme Court had outlawed manual scavenging yet again and ordered all state governments to strictly enforce the provisions of Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act passed by Indian parliament in 2013. Yet the practice continues as exposed by this photograph taken by M. Srinath of The Hindu in Chennai, not some nondescript village tucked away in remote areas. (more…)