Manual scavenging continues unabated in Gujarat, which declared itself free of the practice in 1992

Video Volunteers, a voluntary organization involved in monitoring violations, discriminations and injustice through community video to bring the perpetrators to justice, has shot evidence from Gujarat on what happens when visual evidence of manual scavenging fails to move an official to act. It has appealed readers to sign a sign petition urging the Government of Gujarat to take punitive action against such erring officials. Text of the appeal:

The Prohibition of Employment of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 criminalises the practice of employing individuals to manually clean, carry, dispose or handle, human excreta from dry latrines, open drains or pits  and sewers. However, a ground report produced by Video Volunteers reveals that the practice continues unabated in Gujarat, which declared itself manual scavenging free in 1992.

However, a ground report produced by Video Volunteers reveals that the practice continues unabated in Gujarat, which declared itself manual scavenging free in 1992.

The video from Dhrangadhra town of Surendranagar district in Gujarat shows three young men enter chest-deep into a sewer without any protective gear: no gloves, no masks, no machines to help their work. The young sanitation workers are unaware that the Dhangadra Municipality, their employer, is legally bound to provide this to them or that the conditions they are compelled to work in, is illegal.

The onus of implementing the Act lies squarely on the local and state government authorities.

However, when visual evidence was presented to Charuben Mori, the Chief Executive Officer of the Dhrangadhra Municipality, she refused to take cognizance of it and said, “We don’t endorse or promote illegal practices such as manual scavenging.”

On being asked why safai karmacharis weren’t provided safety gear, Mori refused to take responsibility and instead, shifted the blame onto the contractors saying: “These are not our employees so we do not know about their working conditions. They are employed by the contractors”.

The law is clear, that a person cannot be directly or indirectly (under contract) employed for unprotected cleaning of sewers.

We urge the Collector of Surendranagar district, the Health Minister, the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, the Minister of Law and Justice and the Chief Minister of Gujarat to act in accordance with the Prohibition of Employment of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013 and

  • Take immediate punitive action against the CEO and Sanitation Officer of Dhangadra Municipality for not carrying out their duties and violating the provisions of the said Act.
  • Ensure that effective protective gear is provided to all sanitation workers in the Dhangadra Municipality, including to workers employed by contractors of the Municipality.
  • Carry out effective rehabilitation of individualswho are compelled to do this work because of poverty or caste prejudices.
  • Ensure effective and periodic monitoring of sanitation work so that the solution is long lasting and not superficial.


Click HERE to sign the Video Volunteers’ petition

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