Gujarat has no govt department for minorities, nor is there any separate budget allocation for them

minority corporationBy Mujahid Nafees*

The Rajinder Sachar Committee was commissioned in 2005 by the Government of India to prepare a report on the  social, economic, and educational conditions of the Muslim community of India. The committee was headed by former Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court Rajinder Sachar. It had six other members. The committee prepared a 403 page report and presented it to the Lok Sabha, on  November 30, 2006, 20 months after obtaining the terms of reference from the Prime Minister’s Office. This report highlighted issues facing the Muslim community and their representation in Indian public life, but it faced criticism for some of its recommendations and methodology. The Sachar Committee Report estimated that the Muslim population in India will stabilise at between 17% and 21% of the Indian population by the year 2100.

The Sachar Committee highlighted and presented its suggestions on how to remove impediments preventing Indian Muslims from fully participating in economic, political, and social mainstream of Indian life. The report was the first of its kind to reveal the “backwardness” (a term used in Indian academic and legal discourse for historically dispossessed or economically vulnerable communities, not meant to be pejorative) of Indian Muslims. An issue highlighted was that while Muslims constitute 14% of the Indian population, they only comprise 2.5% of the Indian bureaucracy. The Sachar Committee concluded that the conditions facing Indian Muslims was worse than that of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

The Sachar Committee Report brought the issue of Muslims’ inequality to the national attention, sparking a discussion that is still going on. The Committee recommended setting up an Equal Opportunity Commission to provide a legal mechanism to address discrimination complaints, including in matters such as housing, housing, etc. In response to the Committee’s findings, Finance Minister P Chidambaram proposed an increase to the National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation’s (NMDFC’s) budget, citing new duties and expanded outreach that the institution would take on to implement the Committee’s recommendations.

The Ministry of Minority Affairs was carved out of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and created on January 29, 2006 to ensure a more focused approach towards issues relating to the notified minority communities, namely Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Parsis and Jains. The mandate of the Ministry includes formulation of overall policy and planning, coordination, evaluation and review of the regulatory framework and development programmes for the benefit of the minority communities.

The Ministry runs various schemes/programmes/initiatives initiated by it as well as those covered under the Sachar Committee report. It implements the PM’s New 15 Point programme for the welfare of minorities. The 15 Point Programme for minorities was approved by the Government of India in 2006 for welfare of religious minorities.

Progress/ implementation status of various schemes in Gujarat

  • Department of School Education & Literacy, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

Number of Additional Class Rooms Constructed under SSA in districts with substantial minority population

State 2013-14 2014-15 2016-17(up to 30.9.16)
Gujarat 0 0
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation for implementing JNNURM:

Basic Service to the Urban Poor (BSUP) (Sub Mission II) – Flow of benefits/funds to cities/towns having a substantial minority population (Rs. in Crore)

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Total project cost Sanctioned in town cities having substantial minority population Sanctioned in town cities having substantial minority population Total project cost Sanctioned in town cities having substantial minority population
Gujarat 2067.09 0.00 2033.08 0
  • Ministry of Women & Child Development

Operationalization of anganwadi centres under Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in Blocks having a substantial minority population (No. of AWCs/Mini-AWCs)

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat No target in these three years
  •  Ministry of Human Resource Development

Infrastructure Development for Minority Institutions (IDMI) (Rs. in Crore)

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Amount Released Institutions Amount Released Institutions Amount Released Institutions
Gujarat 3.0234 21 0.1768 6

Number of minority beneficiaries assisted for setting up of Individual and Group micro-enterprises under DAY-NULM (erstwhile SJSRY)

Gujarat 2014-15 2015-16
Target Achievement Target Achievement
670 0 Data not available

The Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)

The Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP), a centrally-sponsored scheme, is being implemented in 710 minority concentration blocks, 66 minority concentration towns and 13 clusters of contagious villages in Gujarat. This programme aims at improving the socio-economic infrastructure and basic amenities for uplifting the quality of life of minorities. This programme provides financial support for creation of assets for education (viz. school building, ACRs, polytechnics, ITIs, hostels etc.), health centres, drinking water projects, road, income generation projects etc. to states/UTs. Projects are approved on the basis of requirement and felt need as follows

State During 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gujarat Project approved Fund released Project approved Fund released Project approved Fund released
0.00
  • Department of School Education & Literacy: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Number of New Primary Schools Opened under SSA in districts with substantial minority population

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
Gujarat 0 0 0 0 Target has not been fixed
  • Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation: National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

Flow of benefits/funds to districts having a substantial minority population

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Coverage of Habitations Estimated cost of schemes undertaken (Rs. in Crore) Coverage of Habitations Estimated cost of schemes undertaken (Rs. in Crore) Coverage of Habitations Estimated cost of schemes undertaken (Rs. in Crore)
Gujarat
  • Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation: National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP):

Flow of benefits/funds to districts having a substantial minority population

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
0 0 0 0 Target not fixed

Placement of skill trained minority beneficiaries under DAY-NULM (erstwhile SJSRY)

State 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement
1384 0
  • Ministry of Rural Development

Financial performance under Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana: (Gramin) for minorities (Rs. in crore):

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
92.12 7.85 51.8400 8.95 16.3853 12.2788

State-wise achievements of schemes, included in Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Number of Primary Schools Constructed under SSA in districts with substantial minority population:

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
No target No achievement
  • Department of School Education & Literacy: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Number of Upper Primary Schools Constructed under SSA in districts with substantial minority population from

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
0 0 Target not fixed 0

Number of minority beneficiaries in SHGs covered in SHGs-Bank Linkages under DAY-NULM (erstwhile SJSRY)

Gujarat 2014-15
Target Achievement
330 0

Number of minority beneficiaries covered under Self-Help Groups (SHGs) formed under DAY-NULM (erstwhile SJSRY)

Gujarat 2014-15
Target Achievement
4424 0

Number of minority beneficiaries imparted skill training under DAY-NULM (erstwhile SJSRY)

Gujarat 2014-15
Target Achievement
5535 0
  • Department of School Education & Literacy

Modernization of Madarsa Education Programme (Rs. in Crore): Scheme to Provide Quality Education in Madarsa (SPQEM)

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
Target not fixed No achievement Target not fixed No achievement Target not fixed No achievement
  • Ministry of School Education & Literacy: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Number of Posts for Teachers Sanctioned under SSA in districts with substantial minority population

State 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Gujarat Target Achievement Target Achievement Target Achievement
0 0 0 0 0 0

In Gujarat we have no separate Ministry for Minority Affairs, no budget allocation for the upliftment of minorities in state budget, nor implementation of schemes by the Government of India. There is no grievances redressal mechanism for minorities in Gujarat in the form of a commission.

Data are available on http://www.minorityaffairs.gov.in.

Minority concentrated Blocks in Gujarat

Kachchh Lakhpat
Kachchh Bhuj
Kachchh Abdasa
Kachchh Gandhidham
Rajkot Maliya
Rajkot Wankaner
Bharuch Jambusar
Bharuch Amod
Bharuch Bharuch

Minority concentrated Towns in Gujarat

Kachchh Bhuj (M+OG)
Junagadh Veraval (M+OG)
Panch Mahals Godhra (M+OG)
Bharuch Bharuch (M+OG)
Sabar Kantha Modasa (M)
Ahmadabad Dholka (M+OG)
Ahmadabad Viramgam (M)
Rajkot Dhoraji (M)
Junagadh Mangrol (M+OG)
Junagadh Una (M)
Anand * Borsad (M)

Class 1 and class 2 towns where minority population is 25% or more and where socio-economic parameters  are below national average

Kachchh Bhuj (M)
Rajkot Dhoraji (M)
Junagadh Mangrol (M)
Junagadh Veraval (M)
Junagadh Una (M)

*Convener, Minority Coordination Committee, Gujarat

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