Stunting among children of lowest wealth quintile ranged 20.8% in Chennai, 47.4% in Ahmedabad

stuntExcerpts from the Urban HUNGaMA (Hunger and Malnutrition) survey, carried out by Naandi Foundation, a not-for-profit headquartered in Hyderabad, and supported by Mahindra & Mahindra and Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition:

The Urban HUNGaMA Survey was conducted to capture essential nutrition data of children aged 0-59 months in the 10 largest cities of India, using internationally accepted indicators and methodologies. Apart from the four metropolitan areas – Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata – six more cities were included: Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat and Jaipur. The survey was designed to provide reliable information with sufficient detail to drive better planning, strategizing and resource allocation and to help citizens, policy makers and implementers remain accountable for progress.

underwtThe survey provides estimate of the nutritional status of children aged 0-59 months in the 10 most populous cities in India. These 10 cities account for 5.3% of India’s population and 4.1% of the child population aged 0-71 months. The survey also provides estimated percentages of stunting, underweight, wasting and overweight by city and separately for boys and girls. In total, 11,955 households were surveyed, 12,286 mothers were interviewed and 14,616 children aged 0-59 months were measured.

The prevalence of stunting ranged from 10.0% in Chennai to 19.4% in Ahmedabad, and severe stunting ranged from 4.8% in Chennai to 11.7% in Delhi. The prevalence of underweight ranged from 10.8% in Chennai to 19.3% in Surat, and severe underweight ranged from 2.7% in Chennai to 6.7% in Delhi. The prevalence of wasting ranged from 8.0% in Jaipur to 15.1% in Mumbai, and severe wasting ranged from 2.4% in Ahmedabad to 4.0% in Pune. The prevalence of overweight ranged from 0.7% in Hyderabad to 3.7% in Chennai and severe overweight or obese ranged from 0.5% in Jaipur and Mumbai to 1.8% in Chennai.

wasteAcross the 10 cities surveyed, a small difference was found between boys and girls for all three indicators of malnutrition. More boys were found to be stunted than girls in five cities with the diff erence ranging from 0.2 percentage points in Delhi to 3.7 percentage points in Hyderabad. More girls than boys were stunted in fi ve cities, with the difference ranging from 0.2 percentage points in Bengaluru to 1.3 percentage points in Mumbai and Surat. More boys than girls were found to be underweight in seven cities with the difference between the two ranging from 0.3 percentage points in Chennai to 3.4 percentage points in Bengaluru.

More girls than boys were stunted in three cities, with the difference ranging from 0.8 percentage points in Jaipur to 2.5 percentage points in Mumbai and Surat. However, the prevalence of wasting was greater among boys in all 10 cities surveyed, with the difference ranging from 0.5 percentage points in Jaipur to 5.3 percentage points in Ahmedabad. More boys than girls were found to be overweight in eight cities with the difference ranging from 0.2 percentage points in Bengaluru to 1.31 percentage points in Kolkata. More girls than boys were overweight in two cities Delhi and Pune – with differences of 1.3 percentage points in Delhi and 0.9 percentage points in Pune.

overweightThe Urban HUNGaMA Survey 2014 showed that malnutrition was significantly more prevalent among children whose mothers had little or no schooling. For example, the prevalence of stunting among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 21.4% in Chennai to 51.0% in Ahmedabad. The prevalence of underweight among children whose mothers had fi ve or less years of schooling ranged from 25.5% in Bengaluru to 42.7% in Ahmedabad. By contrast, stunting among children whose mothers completed at least class 10 ranged from 11.2% in Jaipur to 23.6% in Hyderabad. The prevalence of wasting among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 12.8% in Jaipur to 25.3% in Mumbai. By contrast, wasting among children whose mothers completed at least class 10 ranged from 8.8% in Jaipur to 16.3% in Mumbai.

The prevalence of overweight among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 0.4% in Hyderabad and Kolkata to 11.9% in Chennai. By contrast, overweight among children whose mothers completed at least class 10 ranges from 1.4% in Mumbai to 5.9% in Chennai.

The Urban HUNGaMA Survey 2014 showed that the prevalence of malnutrition among children from households in higher wealth quintiles was significantly lower, than among children from households in lower wealth quintiles. For example, the prevalence of stunting among children from households in the lowest wealth quintile ranged from 20.8% in Chennai to 47.4% in Ahmedabad. By contrast, the prevalence of stunting among children from households in the highest wealth quintile ranged from 6.3% in Kolkata to 24.4% in Delhi. The prevalence of overweight among children from households in the lowest wealth quintile ranged from 0.8% in Hyderabad to 6.5% in Chennai. By contrast, prevalence of overweight among children from households in the highest wealth quintile ranged from 2.0% in Jaipur to 7.2% in Delhi.

Click HERE for the full report

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