Is absolutely fair governance possible in any country at any time?

By NS Venkataraman*

The system   and type  of governance have been evolving steadily  around the world over the last several centuries.

In the beginning of history, it should have been a tribal leader, who could be violent and autocratic , controlling a group of people by force and intimidation, while keeping some well  rewarded supporters helping the tribal leader to hold his leadership.

In the next stage, sort of feudal leadership (generally like zamindari system) have replaced most of the tribal leadership, controlling larger number of population.

Then, the kings and queens ruled the regions,  who constantly tried to expand their territory of governance by force or other means.

The essence of all the above forms of governance were use of force, intimidation and suppression of individual rights and freedom. People were treated as “soulless automaton”.

Advent of democracy/communism

Gradually, with the expansion of communication system and gradual spread of education, the rebellion movements started taking place  slowly against the above type of dictatorship  and monarchy rule and thus evolved the  basic concept of democracy.

Along with this concept of democracy, the concept of communism was also evolved, with communist philosophy eloquently developed and espoused by Karl Marx.  His theme that “workers of the world have nothing to lose except the chain” caught the imagination of the suppressed and oppressed working class and many people thought that communist philosophy could  provide  the ultimate form of fair governance for the world.

Communism vs democracy

Later on , it was war of words between the philosophy of communism where the protection of workers’ rights is  the central theme and the philosophy of democracy,  where the individual freedom and liberty is the central theme.

Collapse of communism

The communist movement all over the world has now nearly collapsed for all practical purposes, with no country anymore claiming itself creditably to be having a communist form of governance . Now, China falsely claims that it has communist governance and one is not sure as to what Cuba claims now after the period of  Fidel Castro, who claimed that he was leading a communist   movement. 

Present Chinese leadership which claims itself to be a communist government and earlier the Soviet Union communist government have clearly proved that communist movement has not resulted in the envisaged  leadership  of working class  but has only   facilitated rule  by a coterie of oppressive , ruthless and  self centred leaders, who grab the power by clever strategies and perhaps, even by foul means.

It appears that Karl Marx’s expectation of governance by working class lie deeply buried.

Democracy becoming chaotic

The recent US Presidential election with Trump battling  against Biden and when hate speeches, unsubstantiated allegations were hurled against one another and  the so called free media  not  being impartial and finally  unruly and violent mob ransacking the Capitol Hill clearly and conclusively  have shown  that the system of democracy can not be the be all and end all of fair governance and certainly need changes and modifications.

Search for new form of governance

 Now, the world has experimented enough with  both the  forms of governance, where the merits and demerits of both communism and democracy  are clearly  seen and understood.

The world is now realizing that with both communist and democratic systems failing to create a condition of absolutely fair governance, there is  need for  new form of governance , which could combine the plus aspects of both communism and democracy  and shedding the minus aspects.  Whether it is a utopian expectation or not, there is certainly a craving for such system of governance amongst the people at large.

While kingdoms and military leadership still continue in some parts of the world, the  question is  how long this form of dictatorial governance would continue and whether they could sustain themselves in future ,facing the likely  determined  protest by people demanding  liberty and personal freedom and expressing  themselves strongly against oppressive practices.  

The immediate evidence  of people’s reaction  to the military leadership is the  recent take over of governance by military in Myanmar and  the spontaneous and sustained mass agitations against the military junta in Myanmar. The ongoing protest by mass of people in Hong Kong against the Chinese dictatorship form of governance is another evidence. Similar type of evidence  against kingdoms, military leadership  and totalitarian regimes are now being seen in one part of the world or other almost everyday , with mass protests by people.

The consensus now appears to be that while amongst the various forms of governance, system of democracy is the better one, the growing feeling is that democratic form of governance also need considerable change in methodology and structure , even though the democracy assures liberty and freedom for individuals.

Mob rule”

It appears that the movement for the process of change  has already commenced, with “mob rule”  happening  to upset the existing systems even in democratic countries,  where the standards of governance has become suspect due to  widespread corruption , nepotism and attempts to entrench family rule under the guise of electoral democracy,  where the undeserving people are able to get control over the governance.

In the light of such conditions and increasing “mob rule” incidents taking place, demanding justice, freedom and personal liberty, many times the protest become violent and incidents of arson and shootings have been reported, even though the basic objective of the protest may be justifiable to some extent. Further, with the conditions of freedom without adequate check and control in democratic countries,   vested interests also join in the protest with ulterior motives and cause unrest and public disturbance.  This condition  make discerning observers conclude that excessive freedom for people could be an undesirable scenario. 

Judiciary as a corrective force?

In such circumstances, some section of people seem to think that a strong and fair judiciary can correct the inadequacies of democracy.

The ground reality is that   the judiciary is   becoming more powerful than the elected representatives of the people (politicians in democracies). This has become so,  since with the politicians rapidly losing respect and credibility in the society and with the widespread feeling that they need to be controlled and disciplined, people tend to support the judiciary, viewing it as corrective  force.

The recent happening in Nepal where the judiciary has over ruled the decision of the Prime Minister to dissolve the parliament and President signing the document , is an indication how judiciary has become so powerful  that even the democratically elected Prime Minister could be  over ruled.

Are judges infallible?

While people’s expectations from the judiciary being what it is, the actual scenario is that the judges functioning in the judiciary are appointed by the politicians , whose credibility is suspect. Inevitably, some people have started thinking that judges may not remain without bias all the time and  judgements could be motivated and flawed on occasions, since judges  may feel indebted to politicians ,who facilitated  their appointment.

The criticism against the judiciary and the behavior of the judges is becoming too evident to be ignored anymore.  Judges try to enforce their powers by demanding that judges should not be criticized and the judgements should be accepted in toto.  This has made people, who thought that judiciary could be the corrective force in  democracies to achieve fair governance , feel disappointed.

The net result of this scenario is that the judiciary controlled democracies could also become a matter of disappointment in the coming days.

Is absolutely  fair governance possible at any time?

Now, the genuine doubt is whether absolutely fair governance is possible at all in any country in the world at time. 

*Trustee, Nandini Voice for The Deprived

One thought on “Is absolutely fair governance possible in any country at any time?

  1. Currently, the democracy is based on electoral politics and this representative system is something that needs to be tinkered with to arrive at the best possible solution for Democracy to work.

    That being said, perfect Balance is an utopian concept. Likewise, Perfect Governance is a sweet spot that lies between the Right wing and Left wing of the Governance approach. The dream of a perfect tomorrow is what keep the pendulum swinging right and left.

    However, Like a human body which is stable state holding a million cells in tandem, a group of smaller, sustainable communities coming together to create bigger identities like India (in its truest sense) is a real possibility in the near future, I believe


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